Smooth leather & suede – the two types of leather
When it comes to leather, there is generally a difference smooth leather and suede differentiated. Below we explain the two variants in detail:
- Smooth leather : With this leather the outer side of the skin is processed. smooth leather becomes muted and fine again smooth leather differentiated. Covered smooth leather is provided with a thick layer of paint, which makes the surface insensitive, while fine smooth leather is particularly soft but significantly more sensitive.
Suede : Leather with a roughened inside is called suede designated. This includes, for example Nubuck leather or Suede . The supple and beautiful structure is typical of suede leather, but is less easy to care for than smooth leather.
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The little leather ABC
Since lambskin is very sensitive, it can develop scratches and cracks if not cared for properly. Special care must be taken when cleaning or polishing this type of leather as too much force can cause damage. Instead, a gentle cloth or brush should be used to remove dirt and dust from the surface without damaging it.
Lambskin is often used for luxurious accessories that are not used every day. By the way: Elegant women's gloves are celebrating their big comeback this winter. Of course, our lambskin pieces are a must-have in any wardrobe. We complete the trend with playful details such as quilting or eyelets.
Nappa leather is obtained from the top layer of the skin. The characteristic full grains and supple surface make the leather particularly popular for the production of leather clothing , shoes and upholstered furniture. It is one of the most popular types of leather. The leather was named after the Napa Valley, a former cattle breeding area in California. The Nappa leather is known for its high quality and durability. It is carefully tanned to obtain a soft and flexible texture that fits perfectly to the body or furniture pieces. The material is resistant to wear and moisture, making it ideal for everyday use. The use of Nappa leather in the fashion industry dates back to the 19th century. At that time the leather was mainly used to make gloves. Nowadays, however, it can also be found in jackets, coats and trousers.
Also Nubuck leather is obtained from the top layer of skin of calves and cattle, but is also slightly roughened. The resulting soft surface is similar to suede, but is significantly finer. Through ingrowth can Nubuck leather remain waterproof for a long time. Nubuck leather is particularly popular for making shoes, bags and jackets. It gives these products an elegant look and a comfortable feel. However, due to its fineness, nubuck leather is also more sensitive than other types of leather.
Cowhide is particularly often used as car leather, upholstery leather, accessory leather or clothing leather because it is very durable. The cowhide often gets its typical grain through milling (soft drumming), which is particularly popular with furniture. But it's not just the durability and grain that make cowhide a popular material. Its natural beauty and versatility also contribute to its use in many areas. In the clothing sector, cowhide is particularly in demand as jacket or trousers material. It protects against wind and weather, but also looks stylish. It can also be customized using different colors. You can also often find leather products made from cowhide in the accessories sector, such as bags, belts or wallets. The robust material is particularly effective here. In addition to its optical qualities, cowhide also has ecological advantages: Since it is a by-product of meat production, no animal is killed specifically for its fur - a sustainable alternative to synthetic materials. All in all, the versatile natural material offers many advantages over other materials and therefore remains one of the most used leather materials worldwide.
Pigskin is easily recognizable by the many hair holes for the bristles. It is also very robust but is considered less elegant. But that is just a prejudice, because pigskin has many advantages over other types of leather. For example, it is particularly resistant and durable. It can withstand heavy loads and is therefore perfect for making shoes or bags.
Pigskin is also extremely soft and flexible. It is known for its pleasant feel and breathability. This makes it a good choice for gloves, wallets and jackets. The natural color of pigskin is usually light brown, but can vary depending on the age, breed and origin of the animal. It can also be dyed in different colors to suit any style and aesthetic. Because pigskin is very light, it is easy to work with and does not add unnecessary bulk when used as an accessory or garment.
The typical goosebump-like grain with the nodules on the back does this Ostrich leather a popular luxury leather. It is also particularly robust and easy to care for. With imitation ostrich leather, the grain pattern is embossed into the smooth leather. But genuine ostrich leather also has its advantages. The natural grain makes each piece unique and gives every item of clothing or accessory a special touch. The leather is also very durable and will last for years without losing quality. Another advantage of ostrich leather is its sustainability. In contrast to other exotic types of leather such as crocodile leather or snakeskin, the material is obtained from raising farm animals, which means that no animals have to be killed specifically for their leather. However, there are also some challenges when processing ostrich leather. The thick, solid material requires special tools and techniques as well as experienced professionals to process it properly. Obtaining the material can also be difficult, as not all tanneries even have access to it. Nevertheless, due to its diverse properties, ostrich leather remains a sought-after luxury material in fashion and design circles worldwide - be it as a bag, belt or even furniture cover!
If you would rather do without real leather, you can do so at any time Leather alternatives grab. Nowadays there is a large selection vegan leather , that is leatherette . The most popular artificial leather variants include Amaretta (65% PA and 35% PU) and Alcantara (65% PES & 35% PU). This leatherette is considered particularly easy to care for and hard-wearing. But vegan leather no longer necessarily has to be made from plastic. More and more innovative technologies are making production possible sustainable artificial leather . For example PINATEXT made from pineapple leaves or cork leather.
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If the inside of the skin is used as the outside, it is called Suede leather or Suede . In order to obtain a velvety surface, the so-called “flesh side” is finely sanded. This suede can come from any animal and is most often used for shoes or leather jackets .
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Suede is the collective term for suede leather made from the skin of wild animals such as antelope, elk, deer or roe deer. It is particularly cuddly, velvety and water-permeable. Deerskin is one of the most popular Types of suede , as it is not too heavy, but at the same time durable. Mistakenly will Suede often as Suede even if it does not come from “wild” animals. Suede is a high-quality material that has a higher price than other types of leather due to its natural origin and elaborate processing. It is often used for clothing items such as jackets or coats, but also for accessories such as bags or shoes. One advantage of suede is its breathability. Unlike synthetic materials, it can absorb and release moisture, which is particularly important for shoes. Suede also feels pleasantly soft and adapts well to the body. However, caring for suede requires a little more effort than other materials. To avoid stains, you should impregnate it regularly and protect it from direct sunlight. A special brush for cleaning the material should also be in every home medicine cabinet of a suede leather owner.
Suede is a suede-like material made from the underside of animal skins. It has a soft and velvety feel and can be used for a variety of applications, from clothing to accessories. Suede is extremely breathable and durable, making it ideal for shoes, jackets, bags and other items of clothing that are subject to greater wear and tear than traditional fabrics. Suede also provides excellent insulation in cold weather and keeps the body warm when temperatures drop. Its appearance is unique and timeless and can be colored in different shades to suit any style and aesthetic. Due to its perfect combination of durability and aesthetics, suede has become a popular choice among fashion designers looking for luxurious yet practical materials.
Goatskin is particularly popular for high-quality clothing because it is very thin and at the same time robust and windproof. It is usually called suede « Goat velor » processed.
Did you know that the thickness or tensile strength of leather is related to the hairiness of an animal? The less fur, the stronger the skin. For example, goatskin is much more robust than lambskin. The type of tanning also plays a decisive role in the quality of the leather. Vegetable tanning agents are often used in goat leather, as these make the leather particularly supple and give it a natural shine. But goat leather is not only used in the clothing industry. It is also a popular interior material for upholstered furniture or accessories such as cushion covers or carpets. Thanks to its fine structure and pleasant feel, it gives any room an elegant touch.